This gap has broadened in the last 25 years, in spite of flourishing economic development. However, the report shows that the country performed worse than expected in tuberculosis, diabetes, rheumatic heart diseases and chronic kidney diseases.
The HAQ index, based on death rates for 32 diseases that can be avoided or effectively treated with proper medical care, also tracked progress in each nation compared to the benchmark year of 1990. It focuses on more than 30 diseases for which better access to medical care could have been achieved.
India scored an index of 14 in case of neonatal disorders, 26 for tuberculosis, 25 for rheumatic heart diseases and 33 for hypertensive heart diseases. Diabetes (38), Appendicitis (38) and Peptic ulcer disease (39) are other major area of concerns for India's health department.
An interesting point which the study highlights is that even among countries with similar development levels, there was a huge difference in healthcare access and quality.
Nepal was above India and Bangladesh, but below Pakistan, Bhutan and Sri Lanka in 1990 with 34 points.
However, it is not good enough as the numbers are far behind than its neighbouring countries such as Sri Lanka (72.8), Bangladesh (51.7), Bhutan (52.7) and Nepal (50.8). Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only SAARC nations to have a lower ranking than India, with a healthcare index of 43.1 and 32.5 respectively, as per the report.
"If every country and territory had achieved the highest observed HAQ Index by their corresponding level of SDI, the global average would have been 73•8 in 2015", the report says.
Over the years, the country has seen improvement in the healthcare index.