China plans nationwide ethanol use by 2020

Sep 13 (Renewables Now) - China plans to introduce a country-wide use of ethanol fuel by 2020, according to a document on Wednesday published by the National Energy Administration. Use of ethanol fuel is now piloted in 11 provinces.

"It is an ideal alternative to fossil fuel", said an unidentified NEA official quoted by the official Xinhua News Agency.

The Chinese government will promote the E10 ethanol fuel (10 percent ethanol and 90 percent petroleum) nationwide.

China is the worlds third-largest bioethanol producer and uses almost 2.6 million tonnes a year. About one-fifth of gasoline produced in China has added ethanol, according to Xinhua.

China, the worlds third-largest bioethanol producer, aims to build an advanced liquid biofuel system and put into operation a demonstration facility that will be able to produce 50,000 tonnes of cellulosic ethanol a year by 2020. Biofuel manufacturers have since turned to sweet potatoes, sorghum and straw stalks.

It later lifted the ban in 11 provinces including Jilin, Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces in the northeast, Henan and Hebei provinces in the north, Anhui, Shandong and Jiangsu provinces in the east, the central province of Hubei, and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the southwest.

A timetable is in consideration to phase out fossil fuel cars completely, following countries such as Britain and France.

The country has been implementing a slew of measures, including tax exemptions, discounts for auto purchases and an order for government organisations to buy more new energy vehicles (NEVs).

Last year, China sold 507,000 NEVs, an increase of 53 percent. Sales of pure electric vehicles rose 65.1 percent, accounting for 80 percent of new energy vehicle sales.

China is to cut carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65 percent from 2005 levels by 2030 and raise the share of non-fossil energy use in total consumption to about 20 percent.

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